Publishing Ethics

Ethics refers to the moral principles that govern the behaviour of a person or a group. A clear understanding of the ethical rules and regulations is paramount to ensuring high standards of academic integrity. Academic integrity refers to ethical, honest and responsible conduct in writing and reporting. Unethical practices such as plagiarism, collusion, research fraud, undisclosed conflicts of interest etc. not only threaten the academic integrity, but also damage and devalue one's reputation in the research community.

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal ensures the quality of the work of the researchers which requires high standards of academic integrity and ethical behavior from all participants involved in the publishing process including the authors, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and society-owned or sponsored journals.

Innova Science follows the Code of Conduct guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) which is available at

Breaches of academic integrity include:
  • Plagiarism - submitting another person’s work, words or ideas as your own without appropriate acknowledgement and referencing.
  • Fabrication - submitting results or data that do not exist and that have been made up.
  • Double submission - submitting the same piece of work that has been submitted to another journal or any other publishing avenue for consideration.
  • Collusion - submitting any scholarly work as if it is one’s own when in reality it belongs to others.
  • Contract writing (Ghost Writing) - submitting work that has been contracted out to others to complete on one’s behalf.
  • Undisclosed conflicts of interest- “conflict of interest in research” refers to situations in which financial or other personal considerations may compromise a researcher's professional judgment in conducting or reporting research.
Some of the examples of potential conflicts of interests are listed below:
  • Research grants from funding agencies and financial support for educational programs
  • Financial support for educational programs and attending symposia
  • Support from a project sponsor
  • Multiple affiliations
  • Employment or consultation
  • Intellectual property rights (e.g. patents, copyrights and royalties from such rights)
  • Personal relationships or competing interests directly or indirectly tied to this research
  • Professional interests or personal beliefs that may influence research.
Responsibilities of Authors
  • To ensure that the work is novel and original and the manuscript is free from plagiarized contents.
  • The work has not been published in part or full elsewhere or submitted to any other journal at the same time.
  • The study is not divided into several smaller parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals.
  • Funding sources are properly acknowledged and any potential conflicts of interests are disclosed.
  • Avoid fundamental errors in published works and maintain reporting standards
  • Hazards and human or animal subjects are used according to the ethical guidelines
  • The work of others is reported (individual/company/institution) in the manuscript and is properly acknowledged.
  • Permission must be obtained for any content used in the manuscript from other sources.
  • Authorships should be those who have made substantial contributions to the design of the study, generation of experimental results, interpretation of data or composition of the submitted work.
Responsibilities of Editors
  • The editors should evaluate the manuscripts objectively based on its academic and scientific merits and intellectual contents. It should be free of any commercial or self-interests and as well as decisions based on discrimination of race, gender, geographical origin, or religion of the author(s).
  • The editors should maintain confidentiality and transparency of the peer review processes.
  • The editors should maintain transparency and ethical standards of the peer-review process and decisions on acceptance or rejection of the manuscript for publication.
  • If any kind of misconduct in research or peer review process is suspected, it should be investigated promptly and resolved with diligence.
Responsibilities of Reviewers
  • To provide unbiased evaluation of scholarly work based on the scientific merits and originality of the work in a timely manner.
  • To maintain the confidentiality of the entire review process.
  • Notify the journal editor about any financial or personal conflicts of interest and decline to review the manuscript if such a conflict exists.
  • If there are any ethical concerns in the evaluation of submitted manuscripts such as plagiarism, violation of the ethical treatment of animals or human subjects or any considerable similarity between previously published articles and any reviewed manuscripts, the reviewer should promptly inform the editor.
Responsibilities of the Publisher
  • To define clearly the editor’s role and responsibilities and to work closely with journal editors to ensure the appropriate decisions are taken regarding publication procedures.
  • Maintaining the transparency of editorial decisions.
  • Ensuring originality of each published article with respect to publication ethics, research funding, conflicts of interest, authorships, article revisions and timely publication of articles.
  • Ensuring that editorial decisions are not impacted by advertising or other any commercial activities.
  • Working closely with other publishers and industry associations to set standards for the best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions and are prepared to provide specialized legal review and counsel if necessary.
  • Assist editors to communicate with other journals and/or publishers if needed.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which not only question the scientific integrity of authors but also damages the trust in the journal. The Editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that have been in breach of academic integrity and do not comply with ethical publishing guidelines. The author(s) will be held responsible for false statements and unethical misconduct. The corresponding author will remain responsible to provide documentation of compliance with ethical standards if requested during the peer review or after publication.
Plagiarism Detection

The authors should make sure that the submitted manuscript does not contain any plagiarized content. The authors may be asked to produce a report of a plagiarism check at any point of time during the review process. The journal may use advanced software to screen for plagiarism. The editor reserves the right to reject a manuscript if any evidence of plagiarism is found. If plagiarism is noted after the manuscript is published, it will be retracted and an explanation for the retraction will be provided in a note linked to the article. The author’s institution may be informed of the piracy and fraud.

Ethical Standard Compliance
The following information should be included in the manuscript in appropriate sections:
  • Sources of funding
  • Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest (financial or non-financial)
  • Adherence to ethical practices in research involving human participants and/or animals.
  • Informed consent if the research involved human participants.